Tag: active directory

Guides

Rapid Active Directory Security Testing of Windows Server 2022…

Introduction

Ever needed to test active directory in a hurry? Well, here’s some common commands to test active directory domain services. In this post today we are going to focus on DNS and username enumeration, there are however a range of weaknesses you want to look for:

  • SMB Null Session/Guest Access
  • LDAP Null Bind
  • Sensitive Information Disclosure
  • Weak Password Policies
  • Unpatched Software Vulnerabilities

Active Recon

Port Scanning and Service Fingerprinting

nmap -p- -sC -sV -Pn -v -A -oA ecorp.local.txt 192.168.1.22

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Domain Name and Domain Controller Enumeation

Read more “Rapid Active Directory Security Testing of Windows Server 2022 and Kali Linux”

PetitPotam Guides

From Zero to DA using ‘PetitPotam’

Introduction

Whilst I was on ‘holiday’ (seriously even when on holiday I almost always must do some work!) a few Windows vulnerabilities were published. Great work by Gilles Lionel, Benjamin Delpy and many many others!

Lab Setup

  • A Domain Controller
  • A Separate ADCS Install with Web Enrolment or two DCs one with ADCS installed.
  • A windows Client Device (non-domain joined)
  • An attacker device (I used Kali)

You do not need any domain credentials to conduct this exploit chain, so from a network adjacent unauthenticated position you can get DA with the right circumstances (default configuration). Read more “From Zero to DA using ‘PetitPotam’”

CTF

How to enable NULL Bind on LDAP with Windows…

History of NULL bind

Back in the early Active Directory days NULL bind was actually enabled by default, these days you can get a rootDSE NULL bind out of the box but on Windows Server 2019 you can even disable this!

So why would I want to enable NULL bind? Well, some legacy apps may need it but generally speaking you don’t want NULL bind enabled.

The lesson here is DO NOT copy what I am doing here! Simples! Read more “How to enable NULL Bind on LDAP with Windows Server 2019”

Defense

Active Directory Effective Permission Auditing

Active directory permissions are a complex beast, at the core of Active Directory you have databases and partitions.

These have access controls lists, there are two types of these:

  • DACL
  • SACL

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/win32/secauthz/access-control-lists

In active directory auditing these with out of the box tools can be a pain, especially when you are looking to enumerate effective permissions. Luckily a nice chap as made a great PowerShell app which can help you with your auditing activities! Read more “Active Directory Effective Permission Auditing”

Defense

Retrieving Passwords From Veeam Backup Servers

Firstly before we get into recovering passwords from the veeam servers we have to think why is this technique so important to know?

It’s not what you think, so if you are a red teamer/penetration tester then sure you are going to want to know this to support your goals. But the real value in knowing this is to drive home a specific message.

DO NOT (PRODUCTION) DOMAIN JOIN BACKUP SERVERS

Veeam expicitly suports not being on a domain for this very reason. Why Dan? Why is it so important to not (PRODUCTION) domain join them? Well my friends, if a threat actor gets into your network, gains high priviledge access to active directory and get’s onto you veeam server they will probably disrupt and destroy your backup just prior to ransoming everyhing they can. You do no want this!

Read more “Retrieving Passwords From Veeam Backup Servers”